School of Physics and Astronomy

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Prof Christopher H Marrows

Condensed Matter Group

Contact details

Room: 8.306
Tel: +44 (0)113 3433780
Email: c.h.marrows @ leeds.ac.uk

Keywords

Condensed Matter Physics
Materials Physics
Solid State Physics
Spintronics
Nanomagnetism
Nanoelectronics
Graphene

Research interests

Prof. Marrows has a broad research programme covering nanoelectronics and nanomagnetism: the field of research where these two phenomena interact is called spintronics. The discoveries made in this area of condensed matter physics research underpin advances in data storage technology and are strong candidates for the next generation of post-CMOS electronics and post-von Neumann information technologies. His group takes a cradle-to-grave approach to its research, synthesising new materials, fabricating them into nanostructures, and testing and measuring their functional properties. As well as the state-of-the-art facilities in the Condensed Matter Physics group, they make extensive use of the lithography facilities in the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering and the electron microscopes in the Institute of Materials Research at Leeds, and are also regular visitors to synchrotron and neutron sources around the world.

Useful links

My page on the Condensed Matter Group website.
My full publication list at Google Scholar.
‘Scientists put a new spin on nanotechnology’: A press release on our work on artificial spin ice.
‘Beating the back-up blues’: A press release on our collaborative research with IBM on racetrack memory.

Publications

Lepadatu S, Saarikoski H, Beacham R, Benitez MJ, Moore TA, Burnell G, Sugimoto S, Yesudas D, Wheeler MC, Miguel J, Dhesi SS, McGrouther D, McVitie S, Tatara G, Marrows CH Synthetic ferrimagnet nanowires with very low critical current density for coupled domain wall motion Scientific Reports 7 -, 2017
DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-01748-7
View abstract

Knox CS, Morrison C, Herling F, Ritchie DA, Newell O, Myronov M, Linfield EH, Marrows CH Partial hybridisation of electron-hole states in an InAs/GaSb double quantum well heterostructure Semiconductor Science and Technology 32 -, 2017
DOI:10.1088/1361-6641/aa827e
View abstract

Sander D, Valenzuela SO, Makarov D, Marrows CH, Fullerton EE, Fischer P, McCord J, Vavassori P, Mangin S, Pirro P, Hillebrands B, Kent AD, Jungwirth T, Gutfleisch O, Kim CG, Berger A The 2017 Magnetism Roadmap Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 50 -, 2017
DOI:10.1088/1361-6463/aa81a1
View abstract

Herling F, Morrison C, Knox CS, Zhang S, Newell O, Myronov M, Linfield EH, Marrows CH Spin-orbit interaction in InAs/GaSb heterostructures quantified by weak antilocalization Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 95 -, 2017
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.155307
View abstract

Morley SA, Alba Venero D, Porro JM, Riley ST, Stein A, Steadman P, Stamps RL, Langridge S, Marrows CH Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann freezing of a thermally fluctuating artificial spin ice probed by x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy Physical Review B 95 -, 2017
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.104422
View abstract

Li Y, Gubbiotti G, Casoli F, Morley SA, Gonçalves FJT, Rosamond MC, Linfield EH, Marrows CH, McVitie S, Stamps RL Thickness dependence of spin wave excitations in an artificial square spin ice-like geometry Journal of Applied Physics 121 -, 2017
DOI:10.1063/1.4978315
View abstract

Wells AWJ, Shepley PM, Marrows CH, Moore TA Effect of interfacial intermixing on the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in Pt/Co/Pt Physical Review B 95 -, 2017
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.054428
View abstract

Beg M, Albert M, Bisotti MA, Cortés-Ortuño D, Wang W, Carey R, Vousden M, Hovorka O, Ciccarelli C, Spencer CS, Marrows CH, Fangohr H Dynamics of skyrmionic states in confined helimagnetic nanostructures Physical Review B 95 -, 2017
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.014433
View abstract

Li Y, Gubbiotti G, Casoli F, Gonçalves FJT, Morley SA, Rosamond MC, Linfield EH, Marrows CH, McVitie S, Stamps RL Brillouin light scattering study of magnetic-element normal modes in a square artificial spin ice geometry Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 50 -, 2017
DOI:10.1088/1361-6463/50/1/015003
View abstract

Khan RA, Shepley PM, Hrabec A, Wells AWJ, Ocker B, Marrows CH, Moore TA Effect of annealing on the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in Ta/CoFeB/MgO trilayers Applied Physics Letters 109 -, 2016
DOI:10.1063/1.4963731
View abstract

Sugimoto S, Rosamond MC, Linfield EH, Marrows CH Observation of spin-wave Doppler shift in Co90Fe10/Ru micro-strips for evaluating spin polarization Applied Physics Letters 109 -, 2016
DOI:10.1063/1.4962835
View abstract

Lewis LH, Marrows CH, Langridge S Coupled magnetic, structural, and electronic phase transitions in FeRh Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 49 -, 2016
DOI:10.1088/0022-3727/49/32/323002
View abstract

Temple RC, Mclaren M, Brydson RMD, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Long spin lifetime and large barrier polarisation in single electron transport through a CoFe nanoparticle Scientific Reports 6 -, 2016
DOI:10.1038/srep28296
View abstract

Vousden M, Albert M, Beg M, Bisotti MA, Carey R, Chernyshenko D, Cortés-Ortuño D, Wang W, Hovorka O, Marrows CH, Fangohr H Skyrmions in thin films with easy-plane magnetocrystalline anisotropy Applied Physics Letters 108 -, 2016
DOI:10.1063/1.4945262
View abstract

Marrows C Applied physics: Addressing an antiferromagnetic memory Science 351 558-559, 2016
DOI:10.1126/science.aad8211
View abstract

Hrabec A, Goncalves FJT, Spencer CS, Arenholz E, N'Diaye AT, Stamps RL, Marrows CH Spin-orbit interaction enhancement in permalloy thin films by Pt doping Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 93 -, 2016
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.014432
View abstract

Wells A, Shepley P, Marrows C, Moore T Dataset associated with’Effect of interfacial intermixing on Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in Pt/Co/Pt’, 2016
DOI:10.5518/52

Temple R, McLaren M, Drummond-Brydson R, Hickey B, Marrows C Dataset associated with’Long spin lifetime and large barrier polarisation in single electron transport through a CoFe nanoparticle’, 2016
DOI:10.5518/82

Khan RA, Shepley PM, Hrabec A, Wells AWJ, Ocker B, Marrows CH, Moore TA Dataset associated with "Effect of annealing on the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in Ta/CoFeB/MgO trilayers", 2016
DOI:10.5518/109

Benitez MJ, Hrabec A, Mihai AP, Moore TA, Burnell G, McGrouther D, Marrows CH, McVitie S Magnetic microscopy and topological stability of homochiral Néel domain walls in a Pt/Co/AlOx trilayer Nature Communications 6 -, 2015
DOI:10.1038/ncomms9957
View abstract

Porter NA, Spencer CS, Temple RC, Kinane CJ, Charlton TR, Langridge S, Marrows CH Manipulation of the spin helix in FeGe thin films and FeGe/Fe multilayers Physical Review B 92 -, 2015
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.92.144402
View abstract

Morley SA, Stein A, Rosamond MC, Alba Venero D, Hrabec A, Shepley PM, Im M-Y, Fischer P, Bryan MT, Allwood DA, Steadman P, Langridge S, Marrows CH Temperature and magnetic-field driven dynamics in artificial magnetic square ice Proc. SPIE 9551, Spintronics VIII 9551 -, 2015
DOI:10.1117/12.2189320
View abstract

Temple RC, Mihai AP, Arena DA, Marrows CH Ensemble magnetic behavior of interacting CoFe nanoparticles FRONTIERS IN PHYSICS 3 -, 2015
DOI:10.3389/fphy.2015.00052

Le Graët C, Charlton TR, McLaren M, Loving M, Morley SA, Kinane CJ, Brydson RMD, Lewis LH, Langridge S, Marrows CH Temperature controlled motion of an antiferromagnet- ferromagnet interface within a dopant-graded FeRh epilayer APL Materials 3 -, 2015
DOI:10.1063/1.4907282
View abstract

Benitez MJ, Basith MA, Lamb RJ, McGrouther D, McFadzean S, MacLaren DA, Hrabec A, Marrows CH, McVitie S Engineering Magnetic Domain-Wall Structure in Permalloy Nanowires Physical Review Applied 3 -, 2015
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.3.034008
View abstract

Lo Conte R, Martinez E, Hrabec A, Lamperti A, Schulz T, Nasi L, Lazzarini L, Mantovan R, Maccherozzi F, Dhesi SS, Ocker B, Marrows CH, Moore TA, Kläui M Role of B diffusion in the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in Ta/Co20 F e60 B20/MgO nanowires Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 91 -, 2015
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.014433
View abstract

Conte RL, Martinez E, Hrabec A, Lamperti A, Schulz T, Nasi L, Lazzarini L, Mantovan R, Maccherozzi F, Dhesi SS, Ocker B, Marrows CH, Moore TA, Klaui M Role of B diffusion in the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in Ta/Co20Fe60B20/MgO nanowires Physical Review B 91 -, 2015
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.014433
View abstract

Conte RL, Hrabec A, Mihai A, Schulz T, Noh S, Marrows C, Moore T, Klaeui M Spin orbit torque switching in Ta/CoFeB/MgO without longitudinal fields, 2015
DOI:10.1109/INTMAG.2015.7156646
View abstract

Morley SA, Stein A, Rosamond MC, Venero DA, Hrabec A, Shepley PM, Im MY, Fischer P, Bryan MT, Allwood DA, Steadman P, Langridge S, Marrows CH Temperature and magnetic-field driven dynamics in artificial magnetic square ice, 2015
DOI:10.1117/12.2189320
View abstract

Porter N, Spencer C, Temple R, Kinane C, Charlton T, Langridge S, Marrows C Manipulation of the spin helix in FeGe thin films and FeGe/Fe multilayers - Raw data and images, 2015
DOI:10.5518/15

Hrabec A, Porter NA, Wells A, Benitez MJ, Burnell G, McVitie S, McGrouther D, Moore TA, Marrows CH Measuring and tailoring the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in perpendicularly magnetized thin films Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 90 -, 2014
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.020402
View abstract

De Vries MA, Loving M, McLaren M, Brydson RMD, Liu X, Langridge S, Lewis LH, Marrows CH Asymmetric " melting" and " freezing" kinetics of the magnetostructural phase transition in B2-ordered FeRh epilayers Applied Physics Letters 104 -, 2014
DOI:10.1063/1.4883369
View abstract

Creeth GL, Strudwick AJ, Sadowski JT, Marrows CH Quantum corrections to the conductivity of disordered graphene on SiC Weak localization and current-bias dependent electron-electron interactions New Journal of Physics 16 -, 2014
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/16/1/013024
View abstract

Cumings J, J Heyderman L, H Marrows C, L Stamps R Focus on artificial frustrated systems New Journal of Physics 16 -, 2014
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/16/7/075016
View abstract

Ward MB, Porter NA, Sinha P, Brydson R, Marrows CH Preparation of plan-view Co-doped FeSi thin film TEM specimens using FIB Journal of Physics: Conference Series 522 -, 2014
DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/522/1/012044
View abstract

McLaren MJ, Hage FS, Loving M, Ramasse QM, Lewis LH, Marrows CH, Brydson RMD Aberration corrected STEM of iron rhodium nanoislands Journal of Physics: Conference Series 522 -, 2014
DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/522/1/012039
View abstract

Mihai AP, Whiteside AL, Canwell EJ, Marrows CH, Benitez MJ, McGrouther D, McVitie S, McFadzean S, Moore TA Effect of substrate temperature on the magnetic properties of epitaxial sputter-grown Co/Pt Applied Physics Letters 103 -, 2013
DOI:10.1063/1.4856395
View abstract

Temple RC, Marrows CH Single-electron spin interplay for characterization of magnetic double tunnel junctions Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 88 -, 2013
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.88.184415
View abstract

Le Graët C, de Vries MA, McLaren M, Brydson RMD, Loving M, Heiman D, Lewis LH, Marrows CH Sputter growth and characterization of metamagnetic B2-ordered FeRh epilayers. J Vis Exp -, 2013
DOI:10.3791/50603
View abstract

Marrows C Artificial spin ice: The heat is on Nature Physics -, 2013
DOI:10.1038/nphys2638

Hari M, Wang K, Bending SJ, Arac E, Atkinson D, Lepadatu S, Claydon JS, Marrows CH Current-driven domain wall motion in artificial magnetic domain structures JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY 62 1534-1538, 2013
DOI:10.3938/jkps.62.1534

Harnchana V, Hindmarch AT, Sarahan MC, Marrows CH, Brown AP, Brydson RMD Evidence for boron diffusion into sub-stoichiometric MgO (001) barriers in CoFeB/MgO-based magnetic tunnel junctions Journal of Applied Physics 113 -, 2013
DOI:10.1063/1.4802692
View abstract

Loving M, Jimenez-Villacorta F, Kaeswurm B, Arena DA, Marrows CH, Lewis LH Structural evidence for stabilized ferromagnetism in epitaxial FeRh nanoislands Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 46 -, 2013
DOI:10.1088/0022-3727/46/16/162002
View abstract

Budrikis Z, Morgan JP, Akerman J, Stein A, Politi P, Langridge S, Marrows CH, Stamps RL Erratum: Disorder strength and field-driven ground state domain formation in artificial spin ice: Experiment, simulation, and theory (Physical Review Letters (2012) 109 (037203) DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.037203) Physical Review Letters 110 -, 2013
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.089902

Strudwick AJ, Marrows CH Argon annealing procedure for producing an atomically terraced 4H-SiC (0001) substrate and subsequent graphene growth Journal of Materials Research 28 1-6, 2013
DOI:10.1557/jmr.2012.213
View abstract

Morgan JP, Akerman J, Stein A, Phatak C, Evans RML, Langridge S, Marrows CH Real and effective thermal equilibrium in artificial square spin ices Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 87 -, 2013
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.87.024405
View abstract

De Vries MA, Loving M, Mihai AP, Lewis LH, Heiman D, Marrows CH Hall-effect characterization of the metamagnetic transition in FeRh New Journal of Physics 15 -, 2013
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/15/1/013008
View abstract

de Vries MA, Loving M, Mihai AP, Lewis LH, Heiman D, Marrows CH Hall-effect characterization of the metamagnetic transition in FeRh New Journal of Physics 15 -, 2013
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/15/1/013008
View abstract

Le Graët C, de Vries MA, McLaren M, Brydson RMD, Loving M, Heiman D, Lewis LH, Marrows CH Sputter growth and characterization of metamagnetic B2-ordered FeRh epilayers Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE -, 2013
DOI:10.3791/50603
View abstract

Bryan MT, Porter NA, Claydon JS, Bashir MA, Burnell G, Marrows CH, Schrefl T, Allwood DA Stochastic switching asymmetry in magnetoresistive stacks due to adjacent nanowire stray field Applied Physics Letters 101 -, 2012
DOI:10.1063/1.4773370
View abstract

McLaren MJ, De Vries MA, Brydson RMD, Marrows C Characterisation of magnetic FeRh epilayers Journal of Physics: Conference Series 371 -, 2012
DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/371/1/012031
View abstract

Porter NA, Creeth GL, Marrows CH Magnetoresistance in polycrystalline and epitaxial Fe1-xCoxSi thin films Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 86 -, 2012
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.86.064423
View abstract

Loving M, De Vries MA, Jimenez-Villacorta F, Le Graët C, Liu X, Fan R, Langridge S, Heiman D, Marrows CH, Lewis LH Tailoring the FeRh magnetostructural response with Au diffusion Journal of Applied Physics 112 -, 2012
DOI:10.1063/1.4747921
View abstract

Ciudad D, Wen ZC, Hindmarch AT, Negusse E, Arena DA, Han XF, Marrows CH Competition between cotunneling, Kondo effect, and direct tunneling in discontinuous high-anisotropy magnetic tunnel junctions Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 85 -, 2012
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.85.214408
View abstract

Morgan JP, Kinane CJ, Charlton TR, Stein A, Sanchez-Hanke C, Arena DA, Langridge S, Marrows CH Magnetic hysteresis of an artificial square ice studied by in-plane Bragg x-ray resonant magnetic scattering AIP ADVANCES 2 -, 2012
DOI:10.1063/1.4732147

Porter NA, Marrows CH Finite size suppression of the weak field magnetoresistance of lightly phosphorous-doped silicon Journal of Applied Physics 111 -, 2012
DOI:10.1063/1.3688305
View abstract

Porter NA, Marrows CH Finite size suppression of the weak field magnetoresistance of lightly phosphorous-doped silicon Journal of Applied Physics 111 -, 2012
DOI:10.1063/1.3688305
View abstract

Marrows CH, Meier G Domain wall dynamics in nanostructures. J Phys Condens Matter 24 020301-, 2012
DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/24/2/020301

Lepadatu S, Mihai AP, Claydon JS, Maccherozzi F, Dhesi SS, Kinane CJ, Langridge S, Marrows CH The increase of the spin-transfer torque threshold current density in coupled vortex domain walls Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 24 024210-, 2012
DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/24/2/024210
View abstract

Budrikis Z, Livesey KL, Morgan JP, Akerman J, Stein A, Politi P, Langridge S, Marrows CH, Stamps RL Domain dynamics and fluctuations in artificial square ice at finite temperature New Journal of Physics 14 -, 2012
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/14/3/035014

Porter NA, Marrows CH Linear magnetoresistance in n-type silicon due to doping density fluctuations. Sci Rep 2 565-, 2012
DOI:10.1038/srep00565
View abstract

Bashir MA, Bryan MT, Allwood DA, Schrefl T, Claydon JS, Burnell G, Marrows CH Remote domain wall chirality measurement via stray field detection JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 110 -, 2011
DOI:10.1063/1.3671615

Magaraggia R, Kennewell K, Kostylev M, Stamps RL, Ali M, Greig D, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Erratum: Exchange anisotropy pinning of a standing spin-wave mode (Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2011) 83 (054405)) Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 84 -, 2011
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.219903

Magaraggia R, Kennewell K, Kostylev M, Stamps RL, Ali M, Greig D, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Exchange anisotropy pinning of a standing spin-wave mode (vol 83, 054405, 2011) PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84 -, 2011
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.219903

Morley SA, Porter NA, Marrows CH Magnetism and magnetotransport in sputtered Co-doped FeSi films Physica Status Solidi. Rapid Research Letters 5 429-431, 2011
DOI:10.1002/pssr.201105386
View abstract

Wang K, Wu M-C, Lepadatu S, Claydon JS, Marrows CH, Bending SJ Optimization of Co/Pt multilayers for applications of current-driven domain wall propagation (vol 110, 083913, 2011) JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 110 -, 2011
DOI:10.1063/1.3664911

Wang K, Wu MC, Lepadatu S, Claydon JS, Marrows CH, Bending SJ Erratum: Optimization of Co/Pt multilayers for applications of current-driven domain wall propagation (Journal of Applied Physics (2011) 110 (083913)) Journal of Applied Physics 110 -, 2011
DOI:10.1063/1.3664911

Wang K, Wu MC, Lepadatu S, Claydon JS, Marrows CH, Bending SJ Optimization of Co/Pt multilayers for applications of current-driven domain wall propagation J APPL PHYS 110 -, 2011
DOI:10.1063/1.3654045

Morgan JP, Stein A, Langridge S, Marrows CH Magnetic reversal of an artificial square ice: dipolar correlation and charge ordering NEW J PHYS 13 -, 2011
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/13/10/105002

Ngo D-T, Hickey MC, McGrouther D, McVitie S, Marrows CH, Chapman JN, Awano H Formation of Magnetic Structure by Domain Wall Confinement in Nanoconstriction, 2011
DOI:10.1109/TMAG.2011.2156395

Marrows CH, Hickey BJ New directions in spintronics INTRODUCTION PHILOS T R SOC A 369 3027-3036, 2011
DOI:10.1098/rsta.2011.0156

Dempsey KJ, Ciudad D, Marrows CH Single electron spintronics Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 369 3150-3174, 2011
DOI:10.1098/rsta.2011.0105
View abstract

Gonzalez JA, Michez LA, Charlton TR, Hickey BJ, Langridge S, Marrows CH Tracking the evolution of magnetic ordering in Co/Ru multilayers with inhomogeneous interlayer coupling using polarised neutron reflectometry PHYSICA B 406 2689-2696, 2011
DOI:10.1016/j.physb.2011.03.083

Gonzalez JA, Michez LA, Charlton TR, Hickey BJ, Langridge S, Marrows CH Tracking the evolution of magnetic ordering in Co/Ru multilayers with inhomogeneous interlayer coupling using polarised neutron reflectometry Physica B: Condensed Matter 406 2689-2696, 2011
DOI:10.1016/j.physb.2011.03.083
View abstract

Hindmarch AT, Rushforth AW, Campion RP, Marrows CH, Gallagher BL Origin of in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in CoFeB amorphous ferromagnetic thin films PHYS REV B 83 -, 2011
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.212404

Creeth GL, Strudwick AJ, Sadowski JT, Marrows CH Surface morphology and transport studies of epitaxial graphene on SiC(000(1)over-bar) PHYS REV B 83 -, 2011
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.195440

Porter NA, Marrows CH Dependence of magnetoresistance on dopant density in phosphorous doped silicon J APPL PHYS 109 -, 2011
DOI:10.1063/1.3536663

Nogaret A, Nasirpouri F, Portal JC, Beere HE, Ritchie DA, Hindmarch AT, Marrows CH Double spin resonance in a spatially periodic magnetic field with zero average EPL-EUROPHYS LETT 94 -, 2011
DOI:10.1209/0295-5075/94/28001

Magaraggia R, Kennewell K, Kostylev M, Stamps RL, Ali M, Greig D, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Exchange anisotropy pinning of a standing spin-wave mode PHYS REV B 83 -, 2011
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.054405

Strudwick AJ, Creeth GL, Johansson NAB, Marrows CH Probing residual strain in epitaxial graphene layers on 4H-SiC (000(1)over-bar) with Raman spectroscopy APPL PHYS LETT 98 -, 2011
DOI:10.1063/1.3551625

Hindmarch AT, Harnchana V, Walton AS, Brown AP, Brydson RMD, Marrows CH Zirconium as a Boron Sink in Crystalline CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB Magnetic Tunnel Junctions APPL PHYS EXPRESS 4 -, 2011
DOI:10.1143/APEX.4.013002

Morgan JP, Stein A, Langridge S, Marrows CH Thermal ground-state ordering and elementary excitations in artificial magnetic square ice NAT PHYS 7 75-79, 2011
DOI:10.1038/NPHYS1853

Jenkins AS, Lepadatu S, Marrows CH, Burnell G Magnetoresistance of Domain Walls in Superconductor/Ferromagnet Hybrid Systems J SUPERCOND NOV MAGN 24 911-914, 2011
DOI:10.1007/s10948-010-0917-3

Magaraggia R, Kennewell K, Kostylev M, Stamps RL, Ali M, Greig D, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Exchange anisotropy pinning of a standing spin-wave mode Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 83 054405-1-054405-7, 2011
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.054405

Hindmarch AT, Harnchana V, Ciudad D, Negusse E, Arena DA, Brown AP, Brydson RMD, Marrows CH Magnetostructural influences of thin Mg insert layers in crystalline CoFe(B)/MgO/CoFe(B) magnetic tunnel junctions APPL PHYS LETT 97 -, 2010
DOI:10.1063/1.3527939

Dempsey KJ, Hindmarch AT, Wei HX, Qin QH, Wen ZC, Wang WX, Vallejo-Fernandez G, Arena DA, Han XF, Marrows CH Cotunneling enhancement of magnetoresistance in double magnetic tunnel junctions with embedded superparamagnetic NiFe nanoparticles PHYS REV B 82 -, 2010
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.82.214415

Dempsey KJ, Hindmarch AT, Arena DA, Marrows CH Tuning the coercive field of Ni and CuNi thin films with the embedding of Co nanoparticles: An element-specific study J MAGN MAGN MATER 322 3817-3821, 2010
DOI:10.1016/j.jmmm.2010.08.019

Hickey MC, Ngo DT, Lepadatu S, Atkinson D, McGrouther D, McVitie S, Marrows CH Spin-transfer torque efficiency measured using a Permalloy nanobridge APPL PHYS LETT 97 -, 2010
DOI:10.1063/1.3520144

Fan R, Kinane CJ, Charlton TR, Dorner R, Ali M, de Vries MA, Brydson RMD, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Arena DA, Tanner BK, Nisbet G, Langridge S Ferromagnetism at the interfaces of antiferromagnetic FeRh epilayers PHYS REV B 82 -, 2010
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.82.184418

Abes M, Atkinson D, Tanner BK, Charlton TR, Langridge S, Hase TPA, Ali M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Neudert A, Hicken RJ, Arena D, Wilkins SB, Mirone A, Lebegue S Spin polarization and exchange coupling of Cu and Mn atoms in paramagnetic CuMn diluted alloys induced by a Co layer PHYS REV B 82 -, 2010
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.82.184412

Alvarez LS, Wang KY, Marrows CH Field-driven creep motion of a composite domain wall in a Pt/Co/Pt/Co/Pt multilayer wire J MAGN MAGN MATER 322 2529-2532, 2010
DOI:10.1016/j.jmmm.2010.03.013

Lepadatu S, Claydon JS, Ciudad D, Kinane CJ, Langridge S, Dhesi SS, Marrows CH Tuning of current-induced domain wall resonance frequency using Gd doping APPL PHYS LETT 97 -, 2010
DOI:10.1063/1.3481074

Lepadatu S, Claydon J, Ciudad D, Naylor A, Kinane C, Langridge S, Dhesi S, Marrows C Reduction of Threshold Current for Domain Wall Depinning Using Gd Doping of Permalloy APPL PHYS EXPRESS 3 -, 2010
DOI:10.1143/APEX.3.083002

Lepadatu S, Claydon JS, Ciudad D, Kinane CJ, Langridge S, Cavill S, Dhesi SS, Marrows CH Determination of Domain Wall Depinning and Driving Currents in Doped Permalloy Structures IEEE T MAGN 46 1759-1761, 2010
DOI:10.1109/TMAG.2010.2042578

Tettamanzi GC, Potenza A, Rubanov S, Marrows CH, Prawer S Reply to comment on 'Superconducting transition in Nb nanowires fabricated using focused-ion beam' NANOTECHNOLOGY 21 -, 2010
DOI:10.1088/0957-4484/21/16/168002

Alvarez LSE, Wang KY, Lepadatu S, Landi S, Bending SJ, Marrows CH Spin-Transfer-Torque-Assisted Domain-Wall Creep in a Co/Pt Multilayer Wire PHYS REV LETT 104 -, 2010
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.137205

Seemann KM, Hickey MC, Baltz V, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Spin-dependent scattering and the spin polarization of a diffusive current in partly disordered L1(0) epitaxial FePd NEW J PHYS 12 -, 2010
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/12/3/033033

Hindmarch AT, Arena DA, Dempsey KJ, Henini M, Marrows CH Influence of deposition field on the magnetic anisotropy in epitaxial Co70Fe30 films on GaAs(001) PHYS REV B 81 -, 2010
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.81.100407

Anderson GIR, Wei HX, Porter NA, Arena DA, Dvorak J, Han XF, Marrows CH Structural and magnetic changes in MgO-based magnetic tunneling junctions during the early stages of annealing J MAGN MAGN MATER 322 756-761, 2010
DOI:10.1016/j.jmmm.2009.10.056

Hindmarch AT, Dempsey KJ, Ciudad D, Negusse E, Arena DA, Marrows CH Fe diffusion, oxidation, and reduction at the CoFeB/MgO interface studied by soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism APPL PHYS LETT 96 -, 2010
DOI:10.1063/1.3332576

Seemann KM, Mokrousov Y, Aziz A, Miguel J, Kronast F, Kuch W, Blamire MG, Hindmarch AT, Hickey BJ, Souza I, Marrows CH Spin-Orbit Strength Driven Crossover between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Mechanisms of the Anomalous Hall Effect in the Epitaxial L1(0)-Ordered Ferromagnets FePd and FePt PHYS REV LETT 104 -, 2010
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.076402

Lepadatu S, Wessely O, Vanhaverbeke A, Allenspach R, Potenza A, Marchetto H, Charlton TR, Langridge S, Dhesi SS, Marrows CH Domain-wall spin-torque resonators for frequency-selective operation PHYS REV B 81 -, 2010
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.81.060402

Lepadatu S, Claydon JS, Kinane CJ, Charlton TR, Langridge S, Potenza A, Dhesi SS, Keatley PS, Hicken RJ, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Domain-wall pinning, nonadiabatic spin-transfer torque, and spin-current polarization in permalloy wires doped with vanadium PHYS REV B 81 -, 2010
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.81.020413

Harnchana V, Hindmarch AT, Brown AP, Brydson RM, Marrows CH TEM Investigation of MgO Thin Films for Magnetic Tunnel Junction Application, 2010
DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/241/1/012039

Aziz A, Wessely OP, Ali M, Edwards DM, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Blamire MG Nonlinear Giant Magnetoresistance in Dual Spin Valves PHYS REV LETT 103 -, 2009
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.237203

Bending SJ, Neal JS, Milošević MV, Potenza A, San Emeterio L, Marrows CH Vortex-antivortex 'molecular crystals' in hybrid ferromagnet/superconductor structures Journal of Physics: Conference Series 150 -, 2009
DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/150/5/052019
View abstract

Kim JW, Ryan PJ, Ding Y, Lewis LH, Ali M, Kinane CJ, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH, Arena DA Surface influenced magnetostructural transition in FeRh films APPL PHYS LETT 95 -, 2009
DOI:10.1063/1.3265921

Tettamanzi GC, Pakes CI, Potenza A, Rubanov S, Marrows CH, Prawer S Superconducting transition in Nb nanowires fabricated using focused ion beam. Nanotechnology 20 465302-, 2009
DOI:10.1088/0957-4484/20/46/465302
View abstract

Drew AJ, Wisemayer MW, Heron DOG, Lister S, Lee SL, Potenza A, Marrows CH, Dalgliesh RM, Charlton TR, Langridge S Using spin-polarized neutron reflectivity to probe mesoscopic vortex states in a Pb thin-film superconductor PHYS REV B 80 -, 2009
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.80.134510

Marrows CH, Chapon LC, Langridge S Spintronics and functional materials MATER TODAY 12 70-77, 2009

Dempsey KJ, Hindmarch AT, Marrows CH, Wei HX, Qin QH, Wen ZC, Han XF Spin-dependent tunneling through NiFe nanoparticles, 2009
DOI:10.1063/1.3072721

Hindmarch AT, Suszka AK, MacKenzie M, Chapman JN, Henini M, Taylor D, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Structural and magnetic properties of magnetron sputtered Co70Fe30 films on GaAs(110) J APPL PHYS 105 -, 2009
DOI:10.1063/1.3093875

Abes M, Atkinson D, Tanner BK, Charlton T, Langridge S, Hase TPA, Ali M, Marrows CH, Neudert A, Hicken RJ, Mirone A, Arena D The spin polarization of Mn atoms in paramagnetic CuMn alloys induced by a Co layer, 2009
DOI:10.1063/1.3063065

Lepadatu S, Vanhaverbeke A, Atkinson D, Allenspach R, Marrows CH Dependence of Domain-Wall Depinning Threshold Current on Pinning Profile PHYS REV LETT 102 -, 2009
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.127203

Wu MC, Aziz A, Ali M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Barber ZH, Blamire MG Reduction in critical current of current induced switching in an inhomogeneous nanomagnet APPL PHYS LETT 94 -, 2009
DOI:10.1063/1.3109790

Anderson GIR, Wei HX, Porter NA, Harnchana V, Brown AP, Brydson RMD, Arena DA, Dvorak J, Han XF, Marrows CH Changes in the layer roughness and crystallography during the annealing of CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB magnetic tunnel junctions J APPL PHYS 105 -, 2009
DOI:10.1063/1.3081652

Baltz V, Naylor AD, Seemann KM, Elder W, Sheen S, Westerholt K, Zabel H, Burnell G, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Conductance features in point contact Andreev reflection spectra J PHYS-CONDENS MAT 21 -, 2009
DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/21/9/095701

Lepadatu S, Hickey MC, Potenza A, Marchetto H, Charlton TR, Langridge S, Dhesi SS, Marrows CH Experimental determination of spin-transfer torque nonadiabaticity parameter and spin polarization in permalloy PHYS REV B 79 -, 2009
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.79.094402

Ali M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Offi F, Wang J, Chelaru LI, Kotsugi M, Kuch W Suppression of magnetization ripple by exchange bias PHYS REV B 79 -, 2009
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.79.064415

Gabureac MS, Alvarez LS, Marrows CH Co/Pt Hall sensors for low field detection, 2009
DOI:10.1016/j.proche.2009.07.212

Bending SJ, Neal JS, Milosevic MV, Potenza A, Emeterio LS, Marrows CH Vortex-Antivortex 'Molecular Crystals' in Hybrid Ferromagnet/Superconductor Structures, 2009
DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/150/5/052019

Wu MC, Aziz A, Witt JDS, Hickey MC, Ali M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Blamire MG Structural and functional analysis of nanopillar spin electronic devices fabricated by 3D focused ion beam lithography NANOTECHNOLOGY 19 -, 2008
DOI:10.1088/0957-4484/19/48/485305

Hindmarch AT, Dempsey KJ, Morgan JP, Hickey BJ, Arena DA, Marrows CH Room temperature magnetic stabilization of buried cobalt nanoclusters within a ferromagnetic matrix studied by soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism APPL PHYS LETT 93 -, 2008
DOI:10.1063/1.3012368

Ding Y, Arena DA, Dvorak J, Ali M, Kinane CJ, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Lewis LH Bulk and near-surface magnetic properties of FeRh thin films JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 103 -, 2008
DOI:10.1063/1.2837247

Hickey MC, Atkinson D, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Controlled domain wall nucleation and resulting magnetoresistance in Ni81Fe19 nanoconstrictions JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 103 -, 2008
DOI:10.1063/1.2834713

Bending SJ, Neal JS, Milosevic MV, Potenza A, Emeterio LS, Marrows CH Competing symmetries in superconducting vortex-antivortex "molecular crystals", 2008
DOI:10.1016/j.physc.2007.11.076

Wei HX, Hickey MC, Anderson GIR, Han XF, Marrows CH Current-induced magnetization switching in a microscale ring-shaped magnetic tunnel junction PHYS REV B 77 -, 2008
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.77.132401

Kinane CJ, Porter NA, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Arena DA, Dvorak J, Sirotkin E, Ogrin FY, Charlton T, Langridge S Structural and magnetic roughness in a Co/Ru multilayer patterned into a large scale hexagonal array JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 103 -, 2008
DOI:10.1063/1.2829394

Potenza A, Gabureac MS, Marrows CH Magnetism and superconductivity in the superconductor/quasimagnet/ferromagnet Nb/Pd/Fe system JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 103 -, 2008
DOI:10.1063/1.2829237

Gabureac MS, Dempsey KJ, Porter NA, Marrows CH, Rajauria S, Courtois H Spin-polarized tunneling with Au impurity layers JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 103 -, 2008
DOI:10.1063/1.2839623

Ali M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Controlled enhancement or suppression of exchange biasing using impurity delta layers PHYS REV B 77 -, 2008
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.77.134401

Hindmarch AT, Kinane CJ, MacKenzie M, Chapman JN, Henini M, Taylor D, Arena DA, Dvorak J, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Interface induced uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in amorphous CoFeB films on AlGaAs(001). Phys Rev Lett 100 117201-, 2008
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.117201
View abstract

Harnchana V, Brown AP, Brydson RM, Harrington JP, Hindmarch AT, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ TEM Characterization of a Magnetic Tunnel Junction - art. no. 012058 EMAG: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS GROUP CONFERENCE 2007 126 12058-12058, 2008

Seemann KM, Baltz V, MacKenzie M, Chapman JN, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Diffusive and ballistic current spin polarization in magnetron-sputtered L1(0)-ordered epitaxial FePt PHYS REV B 76 -, 2007
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.76.174435

Suszka AK, Kinane CJ, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Arena DA, Dvorak J, Lamperti A, Tanner BK, Langridge S Element specific separation of bulk and interfacial magnetic hysteresis loops APPL PHYS LETT 91 -, 2007
DOI:10.1063/1.2790492

Neal JS, Milosevic MV, Bending SJ, Potenza A, Emeterio LS, Marrows CH Competing symmetries and broken bonds in superconducting vortex-antivortex molecular crystals PHYS REV LETT 99 -, 2007
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.127001

Lamperti A, Pym ATG, Eastwood DS, Cardoso S, Wisniowski P, Freitas PP, Anderson GIR, Marrows CH, Tanner BK Interface stability of magnetic tunnel barriers and electrodes, 2007
DOI:10.1002/pssa.200675682

Potenza A, Gabureac MS, Marrows CH Layer-sequence dependence of transport and superconducting properties of Nb/Pd bilayers PHYS REV B 76 -, 2007
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.76.014534

Blamire MG, Ali M, Leung CW, Marrows C, Hickey BJ Exchange bias and blocking temperature in Co/FeMn/CuNi trilayers Physical Review Letters 98 pp.217202-, 2007
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.217202

Alvarez LS, Burnell G, Marrows CH, Wang KY, Blackburn AM, Williams DA Nucleation and propagation of domains walls in a Co/Pt multilayer wire JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 101 -, 2007
DOI:10.1063/1.2710224

Hindmarch AT, Kinane CJ, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Henini M, Taylor D, Arena DA, Dvorak J In-plane magnetic anisotropies of sputtered Co0.7Fe0.3 films on AlGaAs(001) spin light emitting diode heterostructures JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 101 -, 2007
DOI:10.1063/1.2709494

Hindmarch AT, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Additional sub-gap conductance enhancement in nanoscale Andreev point contact junctions J PHYS-CONDENS MAT 19 -, 2007
DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/19/13/136211

Ali M, Adie P, Marrows C, Greig D, Hickey BJ, Stamps RL Exchange bias using a spin glass Nature Materials 6 70-75, 2007
DOI:10.1038/nmat1809

Tettamanzi GC, Pakes CI, Potenza A, Marrows CH, Prawer S, Jamieson DN Superconducting microbridge junctions fabricated using focused ion beams Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ICONN 355-358, 2006
DOI:10.1109/ICONN.2006.340625
View abstract

Aziz A, Bending SJ, Roberts HG, Crampin S, Heard PJ, Marrows CH Angular dependence of domain wall resistivity in artificial magnetic domain structures PHYS REV LETT 97 -, 2006
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.206602

Kinane CJ, Suszka AK, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Arena DA, Dvorak J, Charlton TR, Langridge S Soft X-ray resonant magnetic scattering from an imprinted magnetic domain pattern APPL PHYS LETT 89 -, 2006
DOI:10.1063/1.2344935

Langridge S, Michez LA, Ali M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Charlton TR, Dalgliesh RM, Toohey M, Hill EW, McFadzean S, Chapman JN Controlled magnetic roughness in a multilayer that has been patterned using a nanosphere array PHYS REV B 74 -, 2006
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.74.014417

Anderson GIR, Hindmarch AT, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ In situ transport measurements of plasma-oxidized MgO magnetic tunnel junctions during the annealing process J APPL PHYS 99 -, 2006
DOI:10.1063/1.2166601

Hindmarch AT, Anderson GIR, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ In situ transport in alumina-based magnetic tunnel junctions during high-vacuum annealing J APPL PHYS 99 -, 2006
DOI:10.1063/1.2165110

Aziz A, Bending SJ, Roberts H, Crampin S, Heard PJ, Marrows CH Investigation of artificial domains realized by local gallium focused ion-beam modification of Pt/Co/Pt trilayer structures J APPL PHYS 99 -, 2006
DOI:10.1063/1.2159393

Hindmarch AT, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Temperature-driven band motion prior to the phase transition of an itinerant ferromagnet J APPL PHYS 99 -, 2006
DOI:10.1063/1.2151161

Marrows CH, Perez M, Hickey BJ Finite size scaling effects in giant magnetoresistance multilayers J PHYS-CONDENS MAT 18 243-252, 2006
DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/18/1/017

Tettamanzi GC, Pakes CI, Potenza A, Marrows CH, Prawer S, Jamieson DN Superconducting microbridge junctions fabricated using focused ion beams, 2006

Aziz A, Bending SJ, Roberts H, Crampin S, Heard PJ, Marrows CH Artificial domain structures realized by local gallium focused ion-beam modification of Pt/Co/Pt trilayer transport structure - art. no. 123102 J APPL PHYS 98 -, 2005
DOI:10.1063/1.2149500

Beal MS, Hase TPA, Thompson SM, Tanner BK, Grabis J, Zabel H, Marrows CH Element specific hysteresis loops of Co and Fe in annealed CoFe/Cu multilayers INTERMAG ASIA 2005: Digests of the IEEE International Magnetics Conference 855-, 2005

Marrows CH Spin-polarised currents and magnetic domain walls ADV PHYS 54 585-713, 2005
DOI:10.1080/00018730500442209

Drew AJ, Lee SL, Charalambous D, Potenza A, Marrows C, Luetkens H, Suter A, Prokscha T, Khasanov R, Morenzoni E, Ucko D, Forgan EM Coexistence and coupling of superconductivity and magnetism in thin film structures PHYS REV LETT 95 -, 2005
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.197201

Hindmarch AT, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Tunneling spin polarization in magnetic tunnel junctions near the Curie temperature PHYS REV B 72 -, 2005
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.72.100401

Potenza A, Marrows CH Superconductor-ferromagnet CuNi/Nb/CuNi trilayers as superconducting spin-valve core structures (vol 71, pg 180503, 2005) PHYS REV B 72 -, 2005
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.72.069901

Hindmarch AT, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Tunneling magnetoresistance spectroscopy: Temperature dependent spin-polarized band structure in Cu38Ni62 PHYS REV B 72 -, 2005
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.72.060406

Potenza A, Marrows CH Erratum: Superconductor-ferromagnet CuNi/Nb/CuNi trilayers as superconducting spin-valve core structures (Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2005) 71 (180503)) Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 72 -, 2005
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.72.069901

Marrows CH, Steadman P, Hampson AC, Michez LA, Hickey BJ, Telling ND, Arena DA, Dvorak J, Langridge S Probing magnetic ordering in multilayers using soft x-ray resonant magnetic scattering PHYS REV B 72 -, 2005
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.72.024421

Rozatian ASH, Marrows CH, Hase TPA, Tanner BK The relationship between interface structure, conformality and perpendicular anisotropy in CoPd multilayers J PHYS-CONDENS MAT 17 3759-3770, 2005
DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/17/25/004

Pym ATG, Rozatian ASH, Marrows CH, Brown SD, Bouchenoire L, Hase TPA, Tanner BK The in-plane length scale of the conformal interface roughness as a function of bilayer repeat number in Co/Pd multilayers, 2005
DOI:10.1088/0022-3727/38/10A/036

Potenza A, Marrows CH Superconductor-ferromagnet CuNi/Nb/CuNi trilayers as superconducting spin-valve core structures PHYS REV B 71 -, 2005
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.71.180503

Michez LA, Marrows C, Steadman P, Hickey BJ, Arena DA, Dvorak J, Zhang HL, Bucknall DG, Langridge S Resonant x-ray scattering from a magnetic multilayer reflection grating Applied Physics Letters 86 pp.112502-, 2005
DOI:10.1063/1.1881790

Pym ATG, Rozatian ASH, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Hase TPA, Tanner BK The out-of-plane correlation length of the conformal roughness in Co-Pd multilayers, 2005
DOI:10.1016/j.physb.2004.11.050

Vopsaroiu M, Bozec D, Matthew JAD, Thompson SM, Marrows CH, Perez M Contactless magnetoresistance studies of Co/Cu multilayers using the infrared magnetorefractive effect PHYS REV B 70 -, 2004
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.70.214423

Rushforth AW, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Neumann AC, Henini M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Anisotropic magnetoresistance in a two-dimensional electron gas in a quasirandom magnetic field PHYS REV B 70 -, 2004
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.70.193313

Uzur D, Nogaret A, Beere HE, Ritchie DA, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Probing the annular electronic shell structure of a magnetic corral PHYS REV B 69 -, 2004
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.69.241301

Clowes SK, Miyoshi Y, Johannson O, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH, Blamire M, Branford WR, Bugoslavsky YV, Cohen LF Using PCAR to study Cu/Co bilayers J MAGN MAGN MATER 272 E1471-E1473, 2004
DOI:10.1016/j.jmmm.2003.12.276

Uzur D, Nogaret A, Bending SJ, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Beere HE, Ritchie DA Standing waves of magnetic edge states in mesoscopic magnetic rings, 2004

Marrows CH, Dalton BC Spin mixing and spin-current asymmetry measured by domain wall magnetoresistance PHYS REV LETT 92 -, 2004
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.097206

Drew A, Lee SL, Divakar UK, Charalambous D, Potensa A, Marrows C, Luetkens H, Suter A, Morenzoni E, Prokscha T, Forgan EM, Khasanov R, Garif'Yanov N Novel characterisation of coupled magnetic and superconductor order in thin film hybrid structures., 2004
View abstract

Marrows CH Three-dimensional exchange bias in {Co/Pd}(N)/FeMn PHYS REV B 68 -, 2003
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.68.012405

Ali M, Marrows C, Hickey BJ Onset of exchange bias in ultrathin antiferromagnetic layers Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 67 pp.172405-, 2003

Blamire MG, Marrows CH, Stelmashenko NA, Evetts JE Crossing lattices in thin films of isotropic superconductors PHYS REV B 67 -, 2003
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.67.014508

Hase TPA, Buchanan JDR, Tanner BK, Langridge S, Dalgliesh RM, Foster S, Marrows C, Hickey BJ Resonant magnetic x-ray and neutron diffuse studies of transition metal multilayers Journal of Applied Physics 93 6510-6512, 2003
DOI:10.1063/1.1543876

Steadman P, Ali M, Hindmarch AT, Marrows C, Hickey BJ, Langridge S, Dalgliesh RM, Foster S Exchange Bias in Spin-Engineered Double Superlattices Physical Review Letters 89 pp.077201-, 2002
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.077201

Marrows C ... but fairly short PHYS WORLD 15 18-18, 2002

Hong J, Edmonds KW, Gallagher BL, Henini M, Hickey BJ, Kubrack V, Main PC, Marrows C, Neumann AC, Thoms S Quasi-ballistic transport of 2D electrons through magnetic barriers Physica E: Low-dimensional systems&nanostructures 12 229-232, 2002

Marrows C, Langridge S, Ali M, Hindmarch AT, Dekadjevi D, Foster SJ, Hickey BJ Mapping domain disorder in exchange-biased magnetic multilayers Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 66 024437-, 2002

Barman A, Kruglyak W, Hicken RJ, Marrows C, Ali M, Hindmarch AT, Hickey BJ Characterization of spin valves fabricated on opaque substrates by optical ferromagnetic resonance Applied Physics Letters 81 1468-1470, 2002

Edmonds KW, Gallagher BL, Heninia M, Macintyre DS, Main PC, Marrows C, Nogaret A Magnetoresistance oscillations in a periodic magnetic field dueto internal Landau band structure Physica E: Low-dimensional systems&nanostructures 12 212-215, 2002

Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Impurity scattering fromδ-layers in giant magnetoresistance systems Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 63 2204051-2204054, 2001
View abstract

Edmonds KW, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Overend N, Wirtz R, Nogaret A, Henini M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Thoms S Magnetoresistance oscillations due to internal Landau band structure of a two-dimensional electron system in a periodic magnetic field Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 64 413031-413034, 2001
View abstract

Luo GM, Mai ZH, Hase TPA, Fulthorpe BD, Tanner BK, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ X-ray reflection anomalous fine structure analysis of the stability of permalloy/copper multilayers, 2001

Hickey BJ, Marrows C Impurity scattering fromδ-layers in giant magnetoresistance systems Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 63 pp.220405-, 2001
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.63.220405

Aitchinson PR, Chapman JN, Crawford M, Creeth GL, Hickey BJ, Marrows C, Stanley F Micromagnetic disorder in antiparallel biased spin valves Applied Physics Letters 79 4384-4386, 2001
DOI:10.1063/1.1421641

Fulthorpe BD, Hase TPA, Hickey BJ, Luo GM, Mai ZH, Marrows C, Sutherland W, Tanner BK X-ray reflection anomalous fine structure analysis of the stability of permalloy/copper multilayers Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 226 1733-1734, 2001
DOI:10.1016/S0304-8853(00)00875-1

Christenson HK, Clarke AR, Edmonds KW, Gallagher BL, Henini M, Hickey BJ, Main PC, Marrows C, Nogaret A, Overend N, Thoms S, Wirtz R Magnetoresistance oscillations due to internal Landau bandstructure of a two-dimensional electron system in a periodic magnetic field Physical Review D (Particles and Fields) 64 pp.041303R-, 2001

Fulthorpe BD, Hase TPA, Hickey BJ, Marrows C, Tanner BK Structural and magnetic changes on annealing permalloy/copper multilayers Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 226 1733-1734, 2001
DOI:10.1016/S0304-8853(00)00875-1

Fulthorpe BD, Hase TPA, Hickey BJ, Luo GM, Mai ZH, Marrows C, Tanner BK Variable wavelength grazing incidence x-ray reflectivity measurements of structural changes on annealing Cu/NiFe multilayers Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 6424 pp.245404-, 2001

Edmonds KW, Gallagher BL, Henini M, Hickey BJ, Kubrack V, Main PC, Marrows C, Neumann AC, Thoms S Giant magnetoresistance induced by magnetic barriers IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 37 1992-1994, 2001
DOI:10.1109/20.951031

Fulthorpe BD, Hase TPA, Hickey BJ, Marrows C, Tanner BK, Wilkins SB Soft X-ray magnetic scattering study of rotational magnetisation processes in cobalt/copper multilayers Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 226 1717-1719, 2001

Antel WJ, Laidler H, Marrows C Interaction effects in disordered multilayers Journal of Applied Physics 89 7071-7073, 2001
DOI:10.1063/1.1358825

Hickey BJ, Marrows C, Perez M Finite-size effects in giant magnetoresistance multilayers Journal of Applied Physics 89 7116-7117, 2001
DOI:10.1063/1.1357111

Edmonds KW, Gallagher BL, Henini M, Hickey BJ, Kubrack V, Main PC, Marrows C, Neumann AC, Rushforth AW, Thoms S Electrical transport of 2D electrons in non-uniform magnetic fields Physica E: Low-dimensional systems&nanostructures 11 171-176, 2001
DOI:10.1016/S1386-9477(01)00197-7

Kubrak V, Edmonds KW, Neumann AC, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Henini M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Thoms S Transmission of 2D electrons through opaque magnetic barriers, 2001

Hickey BJ, Marrows C, Perez M Influence of delta-layers on indirect exchange coupling in giant magnetoresistance multilayers Europhysics Letters 54 262-268, 2001
DOI:10.1209/epl/i2001-00304-5

Hickey BJ, Hill EW, Holliday NT, Marrows C, Stanley F Time dependence studies on giant magnetoresistive Co/Cu multilayers IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 36 2847-2849, 2001

Dahlberg ED, Eames P, Gallagher BL, Hickey BJ, Main PC, Marrows C, Rushforth AW Magnetic force microscopy studies of the domain structure of Co/Pd multilayers in a magnetic field Journal of Applied Physics 89 7534-7536, 2001
DOI:10.1063/1.1359792

Fulthorpe BD, Hase TPA, Hickey BJ, Marrows C, Tanner BK, Wilkins SB Weak magnetic moment on IrMn exchange bias pinning layers Applied Physics Letters 79 985-987, 2001
DOI:10.1063/1.1392304

Edmonds KW, Overend N, Wirtz R, Nogaret A, Henini M, Thoms S, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Main PC, Gallagher BL Strongly modified Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations in a one-dimensional periodic magnetic field, 2001

Rushforth AW, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Dahlberg ED, Neumann AC, Henini M The magnetoresistance of a two-dimensional electron gas in the presence of a spatially random magnetic field, 2001

Theeuwen SJCH, Caro J, Radelaar S, Canali L, Kouwenhoven LP, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Local probing of the giant magnetoresistance APPL PHYS LETT 77 2370-2372, 2000

Gallagher BL, Kubrak V, Rushforth AW, Neumann AC, Edmonds KW, Main PC, Henini M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Thoms S, Dahlbarg DE 2D electron gas in non-uniform magnetic fields, 2000

Hase TPA, Pape I, Read DE, Tanner BK, Durr H, Dudzik E, van der Laan G, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Soft x-ray magnetic scattering evidence for biquadratic coupling in Co/Cu multilayers PHYS REV B 61 15331-15337, 2000

Langridge S, Schmalian J, Marrows CH, Dekadjevi DT, Hickey BJ A neutron study of magnetic domain correlations in antiferromagnetically coupled multilayers, 2000

Marrows CH, Stanley FE, Hickey BJ Canted exchange bias in antiparallel biased spin valves, 2000

Kubrak V, Rushforth AW, Neumann AC, Rahman F, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Henini M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ The transport of 2D electrons through magnetic barriers, 2000

Stanley FE, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Role of the density of states in the giant magnetoresistance of magnetic multilayers, 2000

Kubrak V, Neumann A, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Henini M, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Magnetoresistance and Hall magnetometry of single submicron ferromagnetic structures, 2000

Marrows CH, Stanley FE, Hickey BJ Angular dependence of characteristic fields in spin-valves, 2000

Stanley FE, Marrows CH, Zoller I, Hill EW, Hickey BJ Optimisation of spin-valves on rough substrates, 2000

Hase TPA, Pape I, Tanner BK, Durr H, Dudzik E, van der Laan G, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Soft-x-ray resonant magnetic diffuse scattering from strongly coupled Cu/Co multilayers PHYS REV B 61 R3792-R3795, 2000

Rushforth AW, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Neumann AC, Marrows CH, Zoller I, Howson MA, Hickey BJ, Henini M Transport properties of a two-dimensional electron gas due to a spatially random magnetic field PHYSICA E 6 751-754, 2000

Kubrak V, Neumann AC, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Henini M, Marrows CH, Howson MA Longitudinal and Hall resistance induced by large-amplitude magnetic barriers PHYSICA E 6 755-758, 2000

Stanley FE, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Inverse giant magnetoresistance at room temperature in antiparallel biased spin-valves and application to bridge sensors Digests of the Intermag Conference -, 2000
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Stanley F, Perez M, Marrows C, Langridge S, Hickey BJ Inverse giant magnetoresistance in rare-earth/transition metal multilayers Europhysics Letters 49 528-533, 2000

Marrows C, Hickey BJ, Hermann M, Chapman JN, Ormston M, Petford-Long AK, Hase TPA, Tanner BK Damage caused to interlayer coupling of magnetic multilayers by residual gases Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 61 4131-4140, 2000

Marrows C, Langridge S, Hickey BJ Determination of equilibrium coupling angles in magnetic multilayers by polarized neutron reflectometry Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 62 11340-11343, 2000

Langridge S, Schmalian J, Marrows C, Dekadjevi D, Hickey BJ Quantification of magnetic domain disorder and correlations in antiferromagnetically coupled multilayers by neutron reflectrometry Physical Review Letters 85 4964-4967, 2000

Theeuwen SJCH, Caro J, Wellock KP, Radelaar S, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Kozub VI Nanoconstriction microscopy of the giant magnetoresistance in cobalt/copper spin valves APPL PHYS LETT 75 3677-3679, 1999

Wellock K, Theeuwen SJCH, Caro J, Gribov NN, van Gorkom RP, Radelaar S, Tichelaar FD, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Giant magnetoresistance of magnetic multilayer point contacts PHYS REV B 60 10291-10301, 1999

Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Herrmann M, McVitie S, Chapman JN Effects of gas damage on coupling and anisotropy in sputtered Co Cu multilayers, 1999

Clarke J, Marrows CH, Stanley FE, Bunyan RJT, Tanner BK, Hickey BJ The effect of conformal roughness on spin-valves J PHYS D APPL PHYS 32 1169-1174, 1999

Kubrak V, Rahman F, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Henini M, Marrows CH, Howson MA Magnetoresistance of a two-dimensional electron gas due to a single magnetic barrier and its use for nanomagnetometry APPL PHYS LETT 74 2507-2509, 1999

Marrows CH, Wiser N, Hickey BJ, Hase TPA Giant magnetoresistance and oscillatory exchange coupling in disordered Co/Cu multilayers J PHYS-CONDENS MAT 11 81-88, 1999

Marrows C, Hickey BJ Bilinear and biquadratic interlayer exchange coupling in sputtered Co/Cu multilayers damaged with residual gas impurities Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 59 463-467, 1999

Marrows C, Stanley F, Hickey BJ Inverse Giant Magnetoresistance at Room Temperature in Antiparallel Biased Spin Valves and Application to Bridge Sensors Applied Physics Letters 75 3847-3849, 1999

Kubrak V, Rahman F, Overend N, Gallagher BL, Main PC, de Boeck J, Behest M, Marrows CH, Howson MA Induced magnetoresistance in semiconductor devices due to single sub-micron magnetic barriers, 1998

Nogaret A, Overend N, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Henini M, Marrows CH, Howson MA, Beaumont SP Giant magnetoresistance and hysteretic effects in hybrid semiconductor/ferromagnet devices, 1998

Hase TPA, Tanner BK, Ryan P, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ Determination of the copper layer thickness in spin valves by grazing incidence x-ray fluorescence, 1998

Overend N, Nogaret A, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Henini M, Marrows CH, Howson MA, Beaumont SP Temperature dependence of large positive magnetoresistance in hybrid ferromagnetic/semiconductor devices APPL PHYS LETT 72 1724-1726, 1998

Overend N, Nogaret A, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Henini M, Wirtz R, Newbury R, Marrows C, Howson MA, Beaumont SP Observation of a new type of giant magnetoresistance with possible sensor applications, 1998

Overend N, Nogaret A, Gallagher BL, Main PC, Henini M, Wirtz R, Newbury R, Marrows CH, Howson MA, Beaumont SP Observation of giant magnetoresistances in hybrid semiconductor/ferromagnetic devices, 1998

Marrows C, Loloee R, Hickey BJ Scaling of the Exchange Interactions in Co/Cu Multilayers with Temperature Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 184 137-144, 1998

Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Malinowska M, Meny C Effects of impurity atoms on sputtered GMR multilayers, 1997

Marrows CH Magnetic Biosensor Techniques In Handbook of Biosensors and Biochips ,

Porter N, Marrows C Linear magnetoresistance in commercial n-type silicon due to inhomogeneous doping Scientific Reports 2, Article number: 565 (2012) -,
DOI:10.1038/srep00565
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Budrikis Z, Morgan JP, Akerman J, Stein A, Politi P, Langridge S, Marrows CH, Stamps RL Disorder strength and field-driven ground state domain formation in artificial spin ice: experiment, simulation and theory Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 037203-,
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.037203
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Magaraggia R, McIntyre S, Kennewell K, Stamps RL, Ali M, Greig D, Hickey BJ, Marrows CH Interfacial coupling across a modified interface studied with ferromagnetic resonance,
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Budrikis Z, Livesey KL, Morgan JP, Akerman J, Stein A, Langridge S, Marrows CH, Stamps RL Domain dynamics and fluctuations in artificial square ice at finite temperatures New J. Phys. 14 035014-,
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/14/3/035014
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Aziz A, Wessely OP, Ali M, Edwards DM, Marrows CH, Hickey BJ, Blamire MG Non-equilibrium magnetism in dual spin valves,
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Sinha P, Porter NA, Marrows CH Strain-induced effects on the magnetic and electronic properties of epitaxial Fe$_{1-x}$Co$_{x}$Si thin films,
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.89.134426
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Saarikoski H, Kohno H, Marrows CH, Tatara G Current-driven dynamics of coupled domain walls in a synthetic antiferromagnet Phys. Rev. B 90 094411-,
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.094411
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Porter NA, Sinha P, Ward MB, Dobrynin AN, Brydson RMD, Charlton TR, Kinane CJ, Robertson MD, Langridge S, Marrows CH Giant topological Hall effect in strained Fe$_{0.7}$Co$_{0.3}$Si epilayers,
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Kinane CJ, Loving M, Vries MAD, Fan R, Charlton TR, Claydon JS, Arena DA, Maccherozzi F, Dhesi SS, Heiman D, Marrows CH, Lewis LH, Langridge S Observation of a temperature dependent asymmetry in the domain structure of a Pd doped FeRh epilayer New J. Phys. 16 113073-,
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/16/11/113073
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Porter NA, Gartside JC, Marrows CH Scattering mechanisms in textured FeGe thin films: magnetoresistance and the anomalous Hall effect Phys. Rev. B 90 024403-,
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.024403
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Hrabec A, Porter NA, Wells A, Romero MJB, Burnell G, McVitie S, McGrouther D, Moore TA, Marrows CH DMI meter: Measuring the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction inversion in Pt/Co/Ir/Pt multilayers,
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Conte RL, Hrabec A, Mihai AP, Schulz T, Noh S-J, Marrows CH, Moore TA, Kläui M Spin-orbit torque-driven magnetization switching and thermal effects studied in Ta\CoFeB\MgO nanowires,
DOI:10.1063/1.4896225
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Gabureac MS, Laren DAM, Courtois H, Marrows CM Long-ranged magnetic proximity effects in noble metal-doped cobalt probed with spin- dependent tunnelling New Journal of Physics 16 043008-,
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/16/4/043008
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Marrows C Experimental Studies of Artificial Spin Ice,
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Pulecio JF, Hrabec A, Zeissler K, Zhu Y, Marrows CH Phase Transitions of Chiral Spin Textures via Dipolar Coupling in Multilayered Films with Interfacial DMI,
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Cros V, Wiesendanger R, Marrows C, Stamps R, Blügel S, Heinze S, Raabe J, Moutafis C Report on imaging of individual skyrmions of MML systems made by different techniques,
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Pulecio JF, Hrabec A, Zeissler K, White RM, Zhu Y, Marrows CH Hedgehog Skyrmion Bubbles in Ultrathin Films with Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interactions,
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Shi D, Budrikis Z, Stein A, Morley SA, Olmsted PD, Burnell G, Marrows CH Frustration and thermalisation in an artificial magnetic quasicrystal,
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Zeissler K, Shahbazi K, Massey J, Finizio S, Raabe J, Ma'Mari FA, Rosamond MC, Linfield EH, Moore TA, Burnell G, Marrows CH Direct Imaging and Electrical Detection at Room Temperature of a Single Skyrmion,
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Zeissler K, Mruczkiewicz M, Finizio S, Raabe J, Shepley PM, Sadovnikov AV, Nikitov SA, Fallon K, McFadzean S, McVitie S, Moore TA, Burnell G, Marrows CH Pinning and hysteresis in the field dependent diameter evolution of skyrmions in Pt/Co/Ir superlattice stacks Scientific Reports -,
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Porro JM, Morley S, Venero DA, Macêdo R, Rosamond MC, Linfield EH, Stamps RL, Marrows CH, Langridge S Magnetization dynamics of weakly interacting sub-100 nm square artificial spin ices,
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